Manufacturer: Kalpa Pharmaceuticals, India
Substance: Clomiphene Citrate
Pack: 30 tabs (50 mg/tab)
Clomixyl (Clomiphene citrate)
Clomixyl (Clomiphene citrate) is an anti-estrogenic drug that is prescribed to women to treat anovulatory infertility (inability to ovulate). In clinical medicine it is specifically referred to as a non steroidal ovulatory stimulant. The drug works by interacting with estrogen receptors, often in an antagonistic manner, in various tissues of the body including the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovary, endometrium, vagina, and cervix. One main focus is that the drug will oppose the negative feedback of estrogens onthe hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, enhancing the release of gonadotropins (LH and FSH). Thissurge in gonadotropins may cause egg release (follicular rupture), ideally leading to conception. Clomiphene citrate is chemically a synthetic estrogen with both agonist/antagonist properties, and inthis regard is very similar in structure and action to Nolvadex. It is believed that both the estrogenic and anti-estrogenic properties of clomiphene citrate play a role in its ability to support female fertility. In men, clomiphene citrate also acts as a partial anti-estrogen, and may be used to counter some of theside effects of aromatizable steroid use including gynecomastia and increased water retention. As ananti-estrogenic drug, clomiphene citrate may also produce an elevation of follicle stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone levels, which can elevate testosterone production. This effect isespecially beneficial at the conclusion of a steroid cycle, when endogenous testosterone levels aredepressed. Here, clomiphene citrate is most often applied in combination with hCG and tamoxifen, inan effort to restore endogenous testosterone production more quickly. If testosterone levels are not brought back to normal in a short period of time, a significant loss in sizeand strength may occur. This is due to the fact that without testosterone (or other anabolic/androgenicsteroids) to impart an ongoing anabolic message, the catabolic hormone cortisol becomes thedominant force affecting muscle protein synthesis. Often referred to as the post-steroid crash, when not corrected this state of imbalance in the endocrine system can quickly reduce muscle mass levels, diminishing the long-term return on anabolic/androgenic steroid therapy. Note that the triphenylethylene compounds (toremifene citrate, tamoxifen citrate, clomiphene citrate)tend to be somewhat intrinsically estrogenic in the liver. This means that while they can blockestrogenic activity in some areas of the body, they can actually act as estrogens in this other key area. Estrogenic action in the liver is important in the regulation of serum cholesterol (it tends to support HDL synthesis and LDL reductions). Since steroid-using bodybuilders are already dealing with thenegative cardiovascular effects of these drugs, compounding the issue with aromatase inhibitors (which will lower total serum estrogen levels) may not always be the best option. Using a drug that blocks gynecomastia, for example, while at the same time supporting improved cholesterol values, might be much more ideal. Clomiphene citrate is classified as a selective estrogen receptor modulator, with both agonist andantagonist properties. It has the chemical designation 2-[4-(2-chloro1,2-diphenylvinyl) phenoxy] triethylamine dihydrogen citrate.
Clomiphene citrate is FDA approved for the treatment of women with ovulatory dysfunction preventing pregnancy. The recommended dosage is 50 mg daily for 5 days, which is initiated approximately 5 days into the menstrual cycle. If ovulation does not occur, follow up cycles may usea dosage of 100 mg per day for 5 days. Many clinicians recommend a limit of 6 courses of therapy. When used by men (off-label) to mitigate the estrogenic side effects of anabolic/androgenic steroiduse, a daily dosage of 50-100 mg (1-2 tablets) is usually administered while any offending steroids are taken. Note, however, that tamoxifen is usually given preference over clomiphene citrate for thispurpose. More commonly, clomiphene citrate is used by men at a dosage of 50-100 mg per day for 30 days at the conclusion of a steroid cycle, in an effort to bring natural testosterone production back to normal levels. Here, it is usually deemed most appropriate to use as part of a multi-component post-cycle recovery program. Female athletes occasionally use clomiphene citrate for the reduction of estrogenicity near the time of a bodybuilding contest. In some instances this may aid in increasing fat loss and muscularity, particularly in female trouble areas suchas the hips and thighs. The drug, however, often produces very troubling side effects in pre-menopausal women, and is like wise not in very high demand among this group.
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